Famous Test cricket grounds

 

Feroz Shah Kotla

The Feroz Shah Kotla Ground or Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium was established as a cricket ground in 1883. It is the second oldest international cricket stadium still functional in India, only after the Eden Gardens in Kolkata. It is located close to the 20,000 capacity Ambedkar Stadium, the home of association football club New Delhi Heroes FC.

Most successful visiting team:- England – 3 wins, West Indies – 2 wins. Of only 6 games won by visiting teams, England have won 3 games here.

Highest Innings Score : 644/8 by West Indies on 6 February 1959 – India drew with West Indies.

Lowest Innings Score : 75 all out by India on 25 November 1987 – West Indies beat India by 5 wickets.

Wins Batting First : 5.

Wins Bowling Last : 12.

Average Innings Score : 288

Most Prolific Batsman : Dilip Vengsarkar (671 runs).

Highest Individual Score : 230* by Bert Sutcliffe v India on 16 December 1955 – India drew with New Zealand.

Most Successful Bowler : Anil Kumble (58 wickets).

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Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It is the home of the Bengal cricket team and the Indian Premier League’s Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a venue for Test, One Day International and Twenty20 International matches. The largest cricket stadium in India and second-largest in the world by seating capacity, it is widely acknowledged to be the most iconic cricket stadium in India. Eden Gardens has been called “cricket’s answer to the Colosseum”.

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In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali was dropped from the Indian team selected to play an unofficial test against Australian Services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like “No Mushtaq, No Test”), the selectors brought him back to play.

Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.

The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off and Sri Lanka awarded the match after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting collapse. a.

During the 2nd final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the Test and ODI captains of the Indian cricket team of all time (with a few notable exceptions) were given a lap of honour around the stadium.

In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan’s Shoaib Akhtar. The crowd judged that Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an empty stadium.

Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground.

Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.

VVS Laxman scored 281 against Australia in 2000/01. This remains the highest score at the ground. Australia were defeated despite holding the advantage for the majority of the game in “the greatest come-from-behind victory of modern times”. It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on.

The top four highest scores in this stadium has in Test cricket has been registered by India scoring 657-7 in 2001, 643-6 in 2010, 633-5 in 1998 and 631-7 in 2011.

The most runs here was scored by V.V.S. Laxman(1041 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin(860 runs) and Rahul Dravid(843 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Harbhajan Singh(46 wickets) followed by [Anil Kumble](40 wickets) and [Bishen Singh Bedi](29 wickets).

The highest score in ODIs here was made by India, who scored 317-3 in 2009. The second highest score was made by Sri Lanka, who scored 315-6 in 2009, the third highest score was again made by Sri Lanka who were all-out for 309 in 1997.

The most runs scored here by a batsman was by Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each), followed by Javagal Srinath (8 wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).

VVS Laxman and Mohd.Azharuddhin have scored 5 centuries each at this venue,the last being the unbeaten 176 by Laxman.

Queen’s Park Oval

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Queen’s Park Oval, in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, is currently the largest capacity cricket ground in the West Indies and has hosted more Test matches than any other ground in the Caribbean. It also hosted a number of matches in the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

It is privately owned by the Queen’s Park Cricket Club and has seating for about 25,000. The Trinidad and Tobago cricket team play most of their home matches at the ground. The cricket field has also been used to host several domestic and international football matches.

In February 2010 American Singer-songwriter Beyonce Knowles was supposed to be performing at the Oval to a sold out show, however due to phenomenal demand for tickets the venue was changed to the Queen’s Park Savannah.

Besides the main cricket stadium, the facility includes a Gym, indoor and outdoor cricket practice nets, two squash courts and two outdoor tennis courts.

The ground is considered one of the most picturesque venues in the world of cricket, featuring the view Trinidad’s Northern Range.

Sahara Park Newlands

Newlands Cricket Ground in Cape Town is a South African cricket ground. It’s the home of the Cape Cobras, who play in the SuperSport Series, MTN Domestic Championship and Standard Bank Pro20 competitions. It is also a venue for Test matches.

Newlands is regarded as one of the most beautiful cricket grounds in the world, being overlooked by Table Mountain and Devil’s Peak. It is close to Newlands Stadium, which is a rugby union and football venue.

The ground hosted its first Test match in March 1889 when England defeated South Africa by an innings and 202 runs. As of January 2011, there have been 46 Test matches played at the ground of which South Africa has won 17, their opponents 19 and 10 which ended in a draw. The last team besides Australia to beat South Africa there was New Zealand, in 1961 .

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The first One Day International played at the ground was in December 1992 when South Africa beat India by 6 wickets. As of January 2011, there have been 35 One-day Internationals played at the ground including five in the 2003 Cricket World Cup. South Africa has won 25 of its games there and lost 4 (India being the most recent opposition victor in 2011).

Between 1991 and 1997 numerous changes were made to the ground. Large portions of the grass embankments were replaced by pavilions increasing the seating capacity to 25,000.
Newlands is one of the few cricket grounds in South Africa that tends to favour spinners. Most grounds tend to favour pacemen or batsmen, but the Western Cape has had a history of having very good spinners, a recent example being Paul Adams.

The Adelaide Oval

The Adelaide Oval is a sports ground in Adelaide, South Australia, located in the parklands between the city centre and North Adelaide. In the 21st Century it has been home to the cricket teams, the South Australian Redbacks and the Adelaide Strikers. It has been home to the South

Australian Cricket Association (SACA) since 1871.
The oval has a rich history which dates back to 1871, shortly after the formation of the SACA, and is considered to be “one of the most picturesque Test cricket grounds in Australia, if not the world.”

The ground is mostly used for cricket and Australian rules football, but plays host to other sports such as Rugby League and Soccer, and is also used as an entertainment venue for performances expecting large attendance.

The oval is managed by the South Australian Cricket Association (SACA). In 2006, it had a seating capacity of 36,000. The maximum crowd at a cricket game was 50,962 during the Bodyline test in 1932, and the maximum crowd was 62,543, set at the 1965 SANFL Grand Final between the Port Adelaide and Sturt Football Clubs.

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Major sporting events at Oval:

1. International cricket
2. Domestic cricket
3. Australian rules football
4. Rugby sevens
5. Rugby league.

Old Trafford Cricket Ground

Old Trafford is a cricket ground in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester. It has been the home of Lancashire County Cricket Club since it was formed in 1864, having been the ground of Manchester Cricket Club from 1857. Test matches have been played there since 1884.

The two ends of the ground are the Pavilion End to the north and the Brian Statham End to the south, renamed in honour of the former Lancashire and England player. A section of Warwick Road to the east is also called Brian Statham Way. Immediately abutting the ground to the south-east is the Old Trafford Metrolink station.

Before Cardiff hosted its first Test match in July 2009, Old Trafford was reputedly the wettest Test ground in the country; this is because Manchester, situated west of the Pennines, receives weather brought in from the Atlantic by the prevailing westerly breezes. Old Trafford is the only ground in England where a Test match has been abandoned without a ball being bowled – and this has happened here twice. These prevailing conditions have encouraged Lancashire to keep the ground as well-drained as possible, most recently through the acquisition of a Hover Cover in 2007, and the installation of new drains towards the end of the 2008 season.

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Notable moments at Old Trafford

1902 – The Australian Victor Trumper hit a hundred before lunch on the first day;Australia went on to win the Test by 3 runs – the third closest Test result in history.

1909 – Frank Laver, the Australian player/manager, took 8–31 in a drawn Test.

1930–1948 – Donald Bradman played three Tests at Old Trafford, scoring just 81 runs at 27.00 – his innings being 14 (1930), 30 (1934) and 7 and 30* (1948). He told Bill Frindall that the light was always so bad that he couldn’t see the ball.

1938 – The second rained-off Test. In a desperate effort to ensure play, the groundstaff moved the turf from the practice pitch to the square – a unique attempt.

1956 – Jim Laker became the first person to take all 10 wickets in a Test match innings, achieving figures of 10 for 53 in the fourth Test against Australia (the only other bowler to take all 10 wickets in an innings is Anil Kumble of India in 1999). Having also taken 9 for 37 in the first innings, Laker ended the match with record figures of 19 for 90, which remain unmatched to this day.

1961 – With England firmly in control going into the fourth day, Richie Benaud took 6–70 to win Australia the game. The great Lancashire and England player Brian Statham also took his only Test ‘five for’ on his home ground.

1963 – On 1 May, the first ever one day cricket match took place at Old Trafford, as the Gillette Cup was launched. Lancashire beat Leicestershire in a preliminary knock-out game, as 16th and 17th finishers in the Championship the previous year, to decide who would fill the 16th spot in the one-day competition.

1971 – The Gillette Cup semi-final between Lancashire and Gloucestershire was played in near-darkness. With the time approaching 8.45 pm on July 28 and 25 runs still needed from the five remaining overs, David Hughes hit 24 off a single over and set up a notable Lancashire victory.

1981 – Ian Botham hit 118, including six sixes (the second greatest number in an Ashes innings), which he has called “one of the three innings I would like to tell my grandchildren about”.

1984 – Sir Vivian Richards scored his notable 189 not out for the West Indies in the first one-day international for the Texaco Trophy against England. Batting at number four, Richards had made 95 when he was joined by the last batsman Michael Holding with the West Indies in a parlous position at 166 for 9. Together they added 106 runs for the final wicket. Richards hammered 21 fours and 5 sixes. The West Indies won the match convincingly by 104 runs.

1990 – Sachin Tendulkar scored his first Test hundred at the age of 17 – becoming the second youngest centurion – to help India draw.

1993 – Shane Warne’s “Ball of the Century” to Mike Gatting. In the same game, Graham Gooch was out handled the ball for 133 – only the fifth out of seven times this has ever happened.

2000 – Michael Atherton and Alec Stewart played their hundredth Tests, against the West Indies.

2005 – The third Test of the Ashes series ended in a nailbiting draw, with thousands of fans shut out of the ground on the final day as tickets were sold out.

2010–11 – The wickets were relaid, changing their extremely unusual East-West axis to a more conventional North-South layout. The Brian Statham End to the East, and Stretford End to the West, were replaced by the Pavilion End to the North, and the Brian Statham End to the South.

The Sydney Cricket Ground

The Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) is a sports stadium in Sydney in Australia. It is used for Australian football, Test cricket, One Day International cricket, some rugby league football and rugby union matches and is the home ground for the New South Wales Blues cricket team and the Sydney Swans of the Australian Football League. It is owned and operated by the SCG Trust that also manages the Sydney Football Stadium located next door.

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Seating Capacity: 46,000

Largest rugby league match attendance: 78,056 (St George v South Sydney, 18 September 1965)

Largest cricket match attendance: 58,446 (Australia v England, 15 December 1928)

Largest soccer match attendance: 51,566 (NSW v Everton, 2 May 1964)

Largest rugby union match attendance: 49,327 (NSW v New Zealand, 13 July 1907)

Largest Australian rules football match attendance: 46,168 (Sydney v Geelong, 30 August 1997)

Largest concert attendance: 45,191 (WaveAid benefit concert, 29 January 2005)

The Oval Cricket Ground

The Oval, referred to as the Kia Oval due to a commercial sponsorship deal, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth. In the past it was also sometimes called the Kennington Oval. In past years it was officially named as the ‘Fosters Oval’, ‘AMP Oval’, ‘Brit Insurance Oval’, due to previous commercial sponsorship deals.
The Oval is the home ground of Surrey County Cricket Club, and also traditionally hosts the final Test match of each English summer season in late August or early September. The Oval was the first ground in the United Kingdom and second in the world (after the Melbourne Cricket Ground) to host Test cricket.
The names of the ends are the Pavilion End and the Vauxhall End.

In 1868, 20,000 spectators gathered at the Oval for the first game of the 1868 Aboriginal cricket tour of England, the first tour of England by any foreign side.

The first One Day International match at this venue was played on 7 September 1973 between England and West Indies. It had the privilege of hosting matches of the 1975, 1979, 1983 and 1999 World Cups. It also hosted five of the fifteen matches in the 2004 ICC Champions Trophy, including the final. No floodlit day/night international match has been played here to date, although Surrey have played several floodlit one-day matches. In fact, Surrey’s ground is noted as having the first floodlights at a sport arena in the form of gas-lamps dating back to 1889.

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The Melbourne Cricket Ground

The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne and is home to the Melbourne Cricket Club. It is the tenth largest stadium in the world, the largest in Australia, the largest stadium for playing cricket, and holds the world record for the highest light towers at any sporting venue. The MCG is within walking distance of the city centre and is serviced by the Richmond railway station, Richmond and the Jolimont railway station, East Melbourne. It is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct.

Internationally, the MCG is remembered as the centrepiece stadium of both the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The open-air stadium is also one of the world’s most famous cricket venues, with the well-attended Boxing Day Test match commencing on Boxing Day (26 December) each year. Throughout the winter, it serves as the home of Australian rules football, with at least one game (though usually more) held there each round. The stadium fills to capacity for the AFL Grand Final in late September, or early October.

The MCG was the home of Australia’s first full colour video scoreboard, which replaced the old scoreboard in 1982. In 1985, light towers were installed at the ground, allowing for night football and day-night cricket games.

From 2011 until 2013, the Victorian Government and the Melbourne Cricket Club will fund a $55 million refurbishment of the facilities of Great Southern Stand, including renovations to entrance gates and ticket outlets, food and beverage outlets, public concourses, toilets, function rooms, etc.; the grandstand itself will not be substantially modified as part of the refurbishment.

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An incident in the second Test of the 1960–61 series involved the West Indies player Joe Solomon being given out after his hat fell on the stumps after being bowled at by Richie Benaud. The crowd sided with the West Indies over the Australians.

The MCG hosted the historic 1992 Cricket World Cup final between Pakistan and England with a crowd of more than 87,000. Pakistan won the match after sterling all-round performance by Wasim Akram who scored 33 runs and picked up 3 crucial wickets to make Pakistan cricket world champions for the first and as of yet only time. The match was also Imran Khan’s last match after which he retired.

During the 1995 Boxing Day Test at the MCG, Australian umpire Darrell Hair called Sri Lankan spin bowler Muttiah Muralitharan for throwing the ball, rather than bowling it, seven times during the match. The other umpires did not call him once and this caused a controversy, although he was later called for throwing by other umpires seven other times in different matches.

The Lords

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Lord’s Cricket Ground (generally known as Lord’s) is a cricket venue in St John’s Wood, London. Named after its founder, Thomas Lord, it is owned by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and is the home of Middlesex County Cricket Club, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), the European Cricket Council (ECC) and, until August 2005, the International Cricket Council (ICC). Lord’s is widely referred to as the “home of cricket” and is home to the world’s oldest sporting museum.

Lord’s today is not on its original site, being the third of three grounds that Lord established between 1787 and 1814. His first ground, now referred to as Lord’s Old Ground, was where Dorset Square now stands. His second ground, Lord’s Middle Ground, was used from 1811 to 1813 before being abandoned to make way for the construction through its outfield of the Regent’s Canal. The present Lord’s ground is about 250 yards (230 m) north-west of the site of the Middle Ground. A major redevelopment has been proposed for Lord’s which would increase capacity by another 10,000 as well as adding apartments and an ice rink.

Stands :

The Pavilion
Warner Stand
Grand Stand
Compton Stand
Media Centre
Edrich Stand
Mound Stand
Tavern Stand

Most career runs : Graham Gooch – 2015 runs in 39 innings

Highest individual score : 333 scored by Graham Gooch vs India in 1990

Most centuries : Graham Gooch – 6 in 39 innings

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