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Everest, Mount, peak, 29,028 ft (8,848 m) high, on the border of Nepal and Tibet, in the central Himalayas lies in Nepal. It is the highest elevation in the world, called Sagarmatha (“Goddess of the Sky”) in Nepal and Chomolungma (“Goddess Mother of the World”) in Tibet. It is named in English and received its official name in 1865 in honor of Sir George Everest, the British Surveyor General (1790–1866, British surveyor, b. Breconshire, Wales, UK) Worked on the trigonometrically survey in India from 1806 to 1843 who had mapped the Indian subcontinent. He had some reservations about having his name bestowed on the peak, arguing that the mountain should retain its local appellation, the standard policy of geographical societies. He became superintendent of the survey in 1823 and surveyor general of India in 1830. He was knighted in 1861.
It was first climbed on May 29, 1953, when Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal reached the summit. The body of George H. L. Mallory, who died in an earlier attempt (1924), was found on the mountain in 1999.