Even though it is illegal to kill a Siberian TiSiberian Tigers and other tiger species, in many parts of Asia these wild tigers are still being poached today because their bones, whiskers and other body parts can be sold on the black market for a lot of money. despite a lot of hue and cry, these Siberian Tigers parts are used in traditional Chinese medicine because some people believe that tiger parts have special powers. Luck of man power in terns of Forestry and wildlife staff and under budgeted to be effective against the onslaught of poachers. While the exact number of tigers being poached is unknown, some sources have estimated that one tiger a day is being killed in India.
Siberian tigers Habitat
Where do Siberian tigers live?
Siberian tigers live in the forests of Amur-Ussur (Siberia) of Russia, Northern China and Korea. They live in an uninhibited areas, in taiga and mountain conifer forests.
Siberian Tigers in Russia
The Siberian tigers (sometimes called the Amur, Manchurian, or Northeast China tiger), have survived four wars, two revolutions, and now an onslaught on its forests. Its IUCN status is considered Critical, its numbers in the wild fluctuating from a low of 24 tigers in the 1940s to IUCN estimates of about 150 to 200 in 1994. There are three protected areas for tigers in Russia-the Sikhote-Alin (3,470 km2), Lazovsky (1,165 km2), and Kedrovaya Pad (178 km2) Reserves-inland from the Sea of Japan in the Russian Far East.
Siberian Tigers in China
There have been some incidences where by the Siberian tigers were seen in Changbaishan, near the Chinese border with North Korea, were reported in Chinese newspapers in 1990, and some are still found along the Russian border. The Cat Specialist Group suggests that there are probably fewer than 50 Siberian tigers in China. Regardless of their authenticity, it is the tigers in Russia that will define the future of the subspecies. The other sites are too small to sustain the tiger populations large enough for long-term animal habitat.
Siberian Tigers in Zoos
The captive program for Siberian tigers tigers is the largest and longest managed program for any of the subspecies. The Siberian tigers tiger served as one of the models for the creation of scientifically managed programs for species in captivity in zoos and aquariums worldwide. According to the 1997 International Tiger Studbook there are about 501 Siberian tigers managed in zoos. This captive population is descended from 83 wild-caught founders. For the most part, the Amur or Siberian tiger is considered secure in captivity, with a large, genetically diverse and stable population.
Siberian tigers Physical Features
How do Siberian tigers look like?
How much do Siberian tigers weight?
The Largest Cats
Siberian tigers are very massive and powerful animals. The Siberian tiger can reach a length of 130 inches (286 centimeters) which makes it the largest of the different tiger variants. The Siberian tiger also has a very broad muzzle compared to other tiger variants, and male Siberian tigers usually have mane. The typical body length for male Siberian tigers is 106 – 130 inches (233.2 – 286 cm) while females are smaller and usually stay between 95 and 108 inches (209 and 237.6 centimeters). Siberian Tigers are measured between from nose to tail tip. They male Siberian tigers are much heavier than the female tigers and usually weigh from 419 – 675 lb (190 – 306 kg). The really large male Siberian tigers weigh 800 lb (364 kg) or more. Female Siberian tigers tend to stay around 221 – 368 lb (101 – 168 kg). The biggest one ever recorded was 1,025 pounds.
Siberian tigers Prepared for the Winter
As far as the Siberian tiger’s coat is concerned, these tigers have a nice long and warm coat. The white coat also helps to camouflage it in the snow. It also grows a longer and thicker coat than other tigers to help it survive the cold weather. The yellow stripes become reddish in the winter. Out of all tigers, Siberian tiger ‘s fur is most pale and has least of stripes.
The Siberian tiger’s legs are heavy, the hind legs are larger and allow them to be good jumpers. Siberian tiger’s huge paws have retractable claws (similar to domestic cat’s).
When hunting, the Siberian tigers can make rapid attacks and run faster than 50 miles per hour. Keeping this pace is however extremely energy consuming and Siberian tigers will only run short distances at this velocity. Siberian tigers have a well developed night vision and prefer to hunt during the night when it can surprise its prey. It will also use its sensitive hearing and sense of smell to locate and strike down on prey.
Siberian tigers Population
How many Siberian tigers are there?
The Siberian tiger is critically endangered. There are very few of them left and it is possible that number of the tigers in captivity is greater than the number of their wild friends.
All Tigers Species are Endangered
Until 1940 there were 8 subspecies of tigers. Three of them are now extinct and the other 5 subspecies of tigers are endangered. Despite the tiger’s amazing strength, it’s hard to find room to roam these days. Number of these animals living in a wild is unknown, but it is believed to be around. There are about 500 animals living in zoos around the world. Other subspecies are also endangered – there are less than 5,000 of the tigers living in the wild.
All are endangered but the Siberian tiger or Amur tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, and the South China tiger, Panthera tigris amoyensis, are under the greatest threat of extinction in the wild. Indeed the South China tiger may have become extinct in the last few years – a count of between 20 and 30 living in the wild in 1998 suggests the population is too small to survive.
Through the dedication and sheer hard work of a few people, the Bengal tiger population is the healthiest having stabilized at between 3,000 and 4,000 in India alone. This has been achieved by educating and involving the local people in the preservation of these magnificent animals.
The Sumatran tiger, Panthera tigris sumatrae, population was thought to be between 400 and 500 in 1994 and Australians have been working hard to preserve them but, with the disastrous economic downturn in Asia followed by the political upheaval in Indonesia, the future is looking precarious.
Siberian Tigers are Few and Endangered
A count of the Siberian tiger or Amur tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, published in 1996, gave figures of between 330 and 371 adults most of them on the slopes of the Sikhote-Alin mountain range in the Russian Far East.
Situation of the Siberian tiger in the Russian Far East
It is difficult to put briefly the situation in Russia, but here are some of the problems. In the early 1990s, following the collapse of the USSR, several things happened which directly affected the future of Siberian tigers. The opening of Russia’s borders with her South East Asian neighbors made smuggling easier. Increased mining and forestry encroached on the Siberian tiger habitat and also resulted in increased road construction which opened up the area to poachers. Government funding for conservation dwindled. All this led to an increase in poaching. Siberian tiger body parts are highly prized in Chinese medicine and, unfortunately, the Siberian tiger habitat in the Russian Far East is close to the Chinese border. A tiger can fetch upwards of $30,000 – far more than most Russians earn in a year.
In 1992 two sets of Siberian tiger cubs were orphaned in the Russian Far East. Victor Yudin, Head of the Laboratory of Vertebrate Zoology at the Russian Academy of Sciences in Vladivostok, was asked to raise them. Two of the cubs died from malnutrition but Victor and his wife, Lena, an animal nutritionist, saved Koucher and Nyurka, caring for them on a few hectares of forest in Gaivoron, north of Vladivostok.
Siberian tigers Locomotion
How fast are Siberian tigers?
The Siberian Tiger can run up to 50 miles per hour over the snow if they want to. That is only 10 miles per hours slower than a cheetah, the fastest cat in the world!
Siberian tigers are great jumpers and swimmers. They can climb trees, but rarely do so.
Siberian tigers Color
What color are Siberian tigers?
Siberian Tigers have a striped coat. They have a yellowish eye color. Their colors are a yellowish red and black with a white belly. They have black ears with white spots and a black and white tail. White Siberian tigers have been found ( genetic mutation). White Siberian tigers are very rare. The chances for each Siberian tiger to be a white tiger is one out of 10,000. Some experts believe these tigers are temporarily extinct.
Siberian tigers Babies
How are the babies of the Siberian tiger born, what happens after?
Female Siberian Tigers have at usually 2-4 cubs, though they can have up to 6 cubs.. Female tigers will carry their babies for 3 to 3 1/2 months. They weigh about 2-3 pounds. Their cubs are blind when they are first born. After 2 weeks they can open their eyes. When the cubs are little, they begin to grow stripes. Cubs begin to hunt with their mothers when they are about 6 months old. They leave their mother when they are 3 to 5 years old. These tigers live 25 years in the wild.
Siberian tigers Interesting Facts
What are some interesting facts about Siberian tigers?
When A tiger roars it can be heard over a mile away! A tiger meal may consist of 100 pounds of meat a night! That’s like 400 hamburgers! Because they go days between meals, big cats need lots of food. The magnificent tiger loves to eat…porcupines! And monkeys, fowl, tortoises, and frogs when a good deer is hard to find. Only three out of a thousand tigers eat humans. So whoever first said Siberian tigers are man-eaters is a idiot! Siberian tigers usually live for about 25 years in their natural habitat. Tigers run extremely fast over short distances and can leap 10 feet in a single bound!
Siberian tigers Conservation
How are people helping Siberian tigers?
Across all of Asia, once vast forests have fallen for timber or conversion to agriculture. Only small islands of forest surrounded by a growing and relatively poor human population are left. As forest space is reduced, the number of animals left in the forest is also reduced, and tigers cannot find the prey they need to survive. As a result, tigers begin to eat the livestock of villagers who live near them. Sometimes tigers even attack humans. People sometimes kill the tigers in order to protect themselves and their livestock. As human populations move farther into the forest, groups of tigers become separated from each other by villages and farms. This means that tigers in one area can no longer mate with tigers in nearby areas. Instead, tigers must breed repeatedly with the same small group of animals. Over time, this inbreeding weakens the gene pool, and tigers are born with birth defects and mutations.
Even though it is illegal to kill a tiger, wild tigers are still being poached today because their bones, whiskers and other body parts can be sold on the black market for a lot of money. Tiger parts are used in traditional Chinese medicine because some people believe that tiger parts have special powers. Forestry and wildlife departments are too understaffed and under budgeted to be effective against the onslaught of poachers. The exact number of tigers being poached is unknown.
Other names of Siberian tigers
What are some other names for Siberian tigers?
These tigers are also be named Amur tiger, Ussuri tiger, White tiger, siberain tiger (misspelled)
What do Siberian tigers eat?
Siberian tigers are carnivores and hunt big game: various deer and wild boars. Occasionally Siberian tiger eats fish and mice (well, it’s a cat, isn’t it?). Being very large animals they need about 20 lbs of food every day. At one meal a Siberian tiger is able to consume up to 100 lbs of meat. 85% of a Siberian tiger’s diet is red deer and wild boar. Tigers drag the meet and hide it from other predators on the trees. If the animals cannot eat all the prey, it takes a nap and then finishes the meal off.