Waleed Bin Talal

Waleed Bin Talal الوليد بن طلال

HRH Prince Waleed bin Talal bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, (born, March 7,1955) (Arabic: الوليد بن طلال بن عبد العزيز آل سعود) commonly known as Prince Waleed, is a member of the Saudi Royal Family, though not in line to rule, and an entrepreneur and international investor. He has amassed an enormous fortune through investments in shares andproperty. With an estimated net worth of US $20 billion, he is ranked by Forbes as the eighth richest person in the world, and the richest Arab. He has been nicknamed by Time magazine as the ArabianWarren Buffett.
Prince Al-Waleed was born to Prince Talal, son of the founding king of Saudi ArabiaAbdul Aziz Al-Saud, and Princess Mona El-Solh, daughter of Riad El-Solh, the first Prime Minister of modern dayLebanon and a leader of Lebanese independence; he is also the cousin of Prince Moulay Hicham of Morocco whose mother is also the daughter of El-Solh.

Prince Waleed completed his Bachelors in Science in Business Administration from Menlo CollegeUSA in 1979 and Masters in Social Science from Syracuse University, USA in 1985. He is twice divorced, currently married to Princess Kholood, and has two children: Prince Khaled and Princess Reem. He is the nephew of King Abdullah ofSaudi Arabia but has stayed outside of the core of political power in Saudi Arabia, instead building a large international business called the Kingdom Holding Company through which he makes his investments.

Investment activitiesPrince Waleed began his business career in 1979 upon graduation from Menlo College in California. Funded by a $30,000 loan from his father and a $400,000 mortgage on his house, the Prince initially brokered deals with foreign firms wishing to do business in Saudi Arabia. This was followed by land deals in the 1980s, along with major investments in the Saudi banking industry which was undervalued at the time.
The Prince’s activities as an investor came to prominence when he bought a large tranche of shares in Citicorp in the 1990s when that firm was in difficulties. He has also made large investments in AOL,Apple ComputerWorldcomMotorolaNews Corporation Ltd and other technology and media companies.
His real estate holdings have included large stakes in the Four Seasons hotel chain and the Plaza Hotel in New York; he sold half of his shares in the latter in August 2004 and invested it back in London’s Savoy Hotel and Monaco’s Monte Carlo Grand hotel. He holds a 10% stake worth $30 million in Euro Disney SCA, the organization which manages and maintains the Disneyland Resort Paris in Marne-la-ValleeFrance.
In January 2005 he purchased the Savoy Hotel in London for an estimated GBP £250 million, and it will now be managed by Fairmont Hotels in which Prince Al-Waleed owns an estimated 16%. In January2006 in partnership with the American real estate firm Colony Capital, Kingdom Holdings acquired Toronto, CA-based Fairmont Hotels for an estimated $3.9 billion.

Charitable activities
Prince Waleed is heavily involved in charitable activities across the Middle East, Asia and Africa, and is estimated to donate more than $100 million annually to charity. Much of this expenditure is in the field of educational initiatives to bridge gaps between Western and Islamic communities by funding centers of American studies and research in universities in the Middle East and centers of Islamic studies in American universities.
In 2001, he offered New York City a donation of $10 million towards relief efforts after the September 11, 2001 attacks. This was rejected by Mayor Rudy Giuliani because he construed the prince’s subsequent issuance of a statement that the United States “must address some of the issues that led to such a criminal attack” as a justification of the terrorist incidents.
In 2002, Prince Al-Waleed donated $500,000 to the George Herbert Walker Bush Scholarship Fund, established by the Phillips Academy inAndoverMassachusetts, to honor former President George H. W. Bush.
In December 2002, Al-Waleed donated $27 million to a Saudi Government telethon raising money for Palestinians.
In July 2005, he donated $20 million to the Louvre Museum, the largest gift ever to the world’s largest museum. It will help to fund the construction of a wing for the Louvre’s vast collection of Islamic art. The wing will consist of a freeform, glassy structure that will bring a modern touch to a neoclassical courtyard. The design for the new wing would involve covering much of the Louvre’s Cour Visconti, a neo-Classical courtyard, with a contemporary sail-like roof made up of small glass disks. Officials put the total cost of the wing, by the architects Mario Bellini and Rudy Ricciotti, at $67 million and predicted it would open in 2009.
In October 2005, he donated 30 million riyals in the form of goods and cash to support relief and reconstruction efforts in wake of the2005 Kashmir Earthquake.
In December 2005, Prince Al-Waleed donated $20 million each to bothHarvard University and Georgetown University. The donations will finance Islamic studies at both universities. The $20 million to Georgetown is its second largest donation in history and among the 25 largest for Harvard.

Political involvement
Prince Waleed Bin Talal is not part of the ruling executive within the House of Saud, and has generally kept out of politics, concentrating on his business interests. However, he has recently started to make overt political statements in his press releases and interviews. His views can be seen as critical of Saudi traditionalism, proposing reforms to elections, women’s rights and the economy. He has also openly criticized operation of the state-owned oil company, Saudi Aramco. He is vocal about women’s rights and hired the first female airline pilot in Saudi Arabia, Hanadi Hindi.
He has also taken a notable pro-American stance, backed up by his $10 million financing of American study programmes at the American University in Cairo.
During recent years, he has also been involved in Lebanese politics (Prince Al-Waleed is a Lebanese citizen through his mother), backing President Emile Lahoud against rival Saudi billionaire Rafik Hariri and investing in luxury resorts and panarab Lebanese media (al-Nahar,LBC International). His effort to be a leader in the Lebanese Sunni community have been relatively unsuccessful so far.


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Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud


 
Saud bin Faisal Al Saud
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Incumbent
Assumed office
13 October 1975
Monarch King Khalid
King Fahd
King Abdullah
Deputy Abdulaziz bin Abdullah
Preceded by King Faisal
Personal details
Born 2 January 1940 (age 73)
TaifSaudi Arabia
Nationality Saudi Arabia
Alma mater Hun School of Princeton
Princeton University
Saud bin Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabicسعود بن فيصل بن عبد العزيز آل سعود‎), also known as Saud Al Faisal(Arabicسعود الفيصل‎) (born 2 January 1940), has been theForeign Minister of Saudi Arabia since 1975. He is the world’s longest-serving Foreign Minister.

Contents

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[edit]Early life and early political career

Saud bin Faisal was born in Taif on 2 January 1940. He is the second son of the late King Faisal and his wife Iffat Al-Thunayan.[1] He attended the Hun School of Princeton[2] and graduated from Princeton University in 1964 with a bachelor of arts degree in Economics.[3] He is full brother of Mohammed bin FaisalTurki bin Faisal,Luluwah bint Faisal and Haifa bint Faisal.
He became an economic consultant for the Ministry of Petroleum.[3] In 1966, he was moved to General Organization for Petroleum and Mineral Resources (Petromin).[3] In February 1970, he became Deputy Governor of Petromin for Planning Affairs.[3] He was also a member of the High Coordination Committee.[3] In 1971, he became Deputy Minister of Ministry of Petroleum.[3] Until his appointment as state minister for foreign affairs in 1975, Prince Saud served in this post at the oil ministry.[4]

[edit]Foreign Minister

[edit]Timeline

In March 1975, King Khalid appointed him as Foreign Minister.[4] He is currently the world’s longest-serving incumbent foreign minister. He is well regarded in the diplomatic community.[5] He speaks seven languages.[5] In December 1977, Anwar Sadat visited Jerusalem without consulting Saudi officials. Upon this event, Prince Saud and Prince Sultan were outraged.
In 1985, Prince Saud raised awareness in Britain of Soviet activity in the Horn of Africa.[1] He askedCondoleezza Rice to focus on “key substantive issues” of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. He complained that US banks were auditing Saudi Embassy banks illegally. He asserted that auditors were “inappropriate and aggressive”. He also declared that the Saudi Embassy has diplomatic immunity.[6]
Prince Saud said in 2004 that Saudi Arabia would like to reduce its dependence on U.S.-dominated security arrangements.[7] In July 2004, he claimed the real source of problems in the Middle East were not Muslims but “injustice and deprivation inflicted in the region”.[8] In August 2007, he denied allegations that terrorist were crossing the Iraq-Saudi border and claimed it was vice-versa.[9][10]
On 10 March 2006, he met with Hamas leaders in Riyadh.[11] In July 2006, he urged U.S. PresidentBush to call for a ceasefire in the Lebanon bombing.[12] In January 2008, he supported parliamentary elections in Pakistan. He indicated that Pakistan did not need “overt, external interference” to solve political division. He commended Nawaz Sharif as stable bipartisan candidate.[13]
In February 2010, he told General Jones to distinguish between friends and enemies in Pakistan rather than using indiscriminate military action. He insisted that Pakistan’s army must maintain its credibility.[14] In November 2010, he led the Saudi delegation at the G-20 Summit.[15]
In January 2011, he withdrew out of mediation efforts to reinstate a government in Lebanon.[16] In March 2011, he went to Europe to rally support for Saudi Arabia’s intervention in Bahrain.[17]
After U.S. Gulf Cooperation Council forum at the GCC secretariat in Riyadh on 31 March 2012, he said it was a “duty” to arm the Syrian opposition and help them defend themselves against the daily bloody crackdown by forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad.[18] Commenting on the fragile security situation, Prince Saud noted that: “One of the most important causes is the continuation of the unresolved conflict as well as the continuation of the Israeli aggression policy against the Palestinians. “We have discussed, in the meeting, many issues, especially the heinous massacre against the Syrian people. We also discussed the latest developments in Yemen, and reviewed the overall developments and political situation in the Gulf region, the Middle East and North Africa, as well as their repercussions on the security and stability of the region and the world,” Prince Saud said.[19]

[edit]Iran and Lebanon

Rather than military action on Iran, he has called for tougher sanctions such as travel bans and further bank lending restrictions.[20] He has stated U.S. foreign policy has tilted more power for Iran.[21] He has compared the Iranian influence in Iraq with Iranian influence in Lebanon.[6] He commended positive developments by Iran such as its influence over Hezbollah to end street protests.[6]
In 2008, According to leaked diplomatic memos, he accused UN troops in Lebanon of doing nothing. He also expressed concerns over Iran’s influence over Hezbollah.[22]
In early 2011, he expressed fear of the “dangerous” instability in Lebanon after the fall of the Haririgovernment. He also stated that Lebanon’s ability to establish peaceful coexistence with so many different groups may be a significant loss in the Arab world if the nation failed in creating a government.[16]

Prince Saud meets with Russian President Vladimir Putin on 14 February 2008.

[edit]Other governmental activities

Starting in 1998 under the reign of King Fahd, Saud Al Faisal and then the Crown Prince Abdullah managed the energy sector through a committee of technocrats and princes.[23] More specifically, Prince Saud was appointed chairman of the Saudi Aramco‘s committee charged with the project assassment in September 1999.[24]
On 20 November 2009, King Abdullah appointed Prince Saud as the chairman of the influential supreme economic council of Saudi Arabia.[25][26] Prince Saud is also a member of the Military Service Council.[27]

[edit]Influence

Saudi foreign policy is designed by the King, not by the Foreign Minister.[1] He has worked closely with King Khalid, King Fahd and King Abdullah.
Prince Saud was firmly anti-Soviet and is an Arab nationalist.[1] He was more resistant to Israeli proposals than King Fahd.[1] He lamented his legacy might be defined “by profound disappointment than by success”. He regrets how his generation of leaders have failed to create a Palestinian state.[5]He encouraged Iraqis to defend their country’s sovereignty.[28]
His relationship with King Fahd was strained.[1] He is one of King Abdullah’s closest allies. He has led Saudi Arabia’s efforts to redefine its international image after the September 11 attacks. He is mentioned as a candidate to Saudi Arabia’s line of succession. However, he has recently suffered health deterioration. He does not hold majlis unlike other Saudi royals which has been cause for speculation that he is not interested in kingship.[29]

[edit]Personal life

He is married to Jawhara bint Abdullah bin Abdulrahman and has three sons and three daughters.[1][30]His daughter Haifa bint Saud is married to Prince Sultan bin Salman,[31] the first of Royal Blood and the first Arab astronaut. Prince Saud lives in Jeddah.[6] He has been described (by the British Ministry of Defence) as “tall, handsome, and articulate”.[1] He is reportedly very friendly. Unlike other members of the Al Saud, he often speaks publicly and interacts a lot with reporters.[32] Prince Saud speaks excellent English. He likes to play tennis.[1]

[edit]Social roles

Prince Saud is closely involved in philanthropy. He is a founding member of the King Faisal Foundationand chairman of the board of directors for the King Faisal School and Al Faisal University in Riyadh. He is also a member of the Society for Disabled Children and the Madinah Society for Welfare and Social Services.[33]

[edit]Health

Prince Saud has Parkinson’s disease and back pain.[32] He had surgery in California.[32] His physical appearance shows signs of health deterioration, especially difficulty standing upright.[32] On 11 August 2012, Saudi Royal Court stated that Prince Saud had another surgery to remove a “simple” blockage in the intestines due to adhesions resulting from previous surgery.[34] The operation was performed at the Specialist Hospital in Jeddah.[35] Prince Saud went to Los Angeles after he left the hospital on 6 September 2012. The ministry announced that he would stay there for a while.[36]

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Saudi Arabia Flag

:: Images and Meaning of the Saudi Arabia Flag ::
Arabic Translation Services in Saudi Arabia
The flag of Saudi Arabia has a green background featuring a white inscription above a white horizontal sword (the tip of the sword points to the hoist side of the flag). The text is known as Sahada or the Islamic statement of faith, “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet.” and the script is in Thuluth. The flag was officially adopted on March 15, 1973.
Arabic Translation Services in Saudi Arabia
Each of the symbols of the Saudi Arabian flag has a significant meaning of its own. Green is the official color of Islam. The sword symbolizes both the importance of the Islamic statement of faith by underlining it and the victories and justice of Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, the first Saudi King. Saudi Arabia is regarded as the ‘holiest land’ among the people of Islamic faith.
:: Images and Meaning of the Saudi Arabia Flag ::
The Saudi Arabian Coat of Arms consists according to the Saudi Constitution of two crossed swords with a palm tree in the open upper space between the blades. The swords represent the justice and strength rooted in faith and the two houses which founded modern day Saudi Arabia, the House of Saud, and the House of Wahab. The date palm tree represents vitality and growth.

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King Fahd of Saudi Arabia فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعود

King of Saudi Arabia
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
King of Saudi Arabia
Reign 13 June 1982 – 1 August 2005
Predecessor King Khalid
Successor King Abdullah
Regent King Abdullah
(21 February 1996 – 1 August 2005)
1st Minister of Education
In Office 1954–1962
Successor Abdulaziz bin Mohammad Al al-Shaikh
6th Minister of Interior
In Office 1962–1975
Predecessor Faisal bin Turki Al Saud
Successor Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Issue
Faisal bin Fahd
Khaled bin Fahd
Muhammad bin Fahd
Saud bin Fahd
Sultan bin Fahd
Abdul-Aziz bin Fahd
House House of Saud
Father Ibn Saud
Mother Hassa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi
Born (1923-03-16)16 March 1923
Riyadh, Kingdom of Hejaz
Died 1 August 2005(2005-08-01) (age 82)
King Faisal Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Burial 1 August 2005
Al Oud cemetery, Riyadh
Religion Islam
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, (Arabic: فهد بن عبد العزيز آل سعودFahd ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Su‘ūd) (1923[1][2] – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia, from 1982 to 2005.

Early life

King Fahd was born in 1923. He is the eighth son of Ibn Saud [3] His mother is Hassa al Sudairi and he was the eldest member of Sudairi Seven.
Fahd’s education took place at the Princes’ School in Riyadh, a school established by Ibn Saud specifically for the education of members of the House of Saud. While at the Princes’ School, Fahd studied under tutors including Sheikh Abdul-Ghani Khayat. In 1932, Fahd watched as his father officially founded the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by signing the Treaty of Jeddah.

Early political positions

In 1945, Prince Fahd traveled on his first state visit to San Francisco for the signing of the UN charter. On this trip he served under his brother, Prince Faisal, who was at the time Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister. In 1954, at the age of 30, Prince Fahd was appointed Education Minister by his father. In 1953, Fahd led his first official state visit, attending the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II on behalf of the House of Saud.[1][2]
Prince Fahd led the Saudi delegation to the League of Arab States in 1959, signifying his increasing prominence in the House of Saud — and that he was being groomed for a more significant role.
Prince Fahd had two brothers born before him, Prince Nasser and Prince Saad, who had prior claims to the throne, but both were considered unsuitable candidates. By contrast, Prince Fahd had served as minister of education from 1954 to 1960 and minister of interior from 1962 to 1975.
In 1962, Fahd was given the important post of Interior Minister and six years later, he was the first person appointed to the position of Second Deputy Prime Minister. After the death of King Faisal in 1975, Fahd was named first deputy Prime Minister and concurrently Crown Prince.

Reign

King Fahd gave money for building mosques throughout the world. The Ibrahim-Al-Ibrahim Mosque, at Europa Point, Gibraltar, which opened in 1997, is one such mosque.
On 25 March 1975, King Faisal was assassinated by his nephew and King Khalid assumed power. Fahd, as next in the line of succession, became Crown Prince and First Deputy Prime Minister. Especially in the later years of King Khalid’s reign, Fahd was viewed as the de facto prime minister. When King Khalid died on 13 June 1982, Fahd succeeded to the throne. He adopted the title “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques” in 1986, replacing “His Majesty”, to signify an Islamic rather than secular authority.

Foreign policy

Fahd was a supporter of the United Nations. He supported foreign aid and had given 5.5% of Saudi Arabia’s national income through various funds especially the Saudi Fund for Development and the OPEC Fund for International Development. He had also given aid to foreign groups such as the Bosnian Muslims in the Yugoslav Wars, as well as the Nicaraguan Contras, providing “a million dollars per month from May to December 1984.[4] King Fahd had also been a strong supporter of the Palestinian cause and an opponent of the State of Israel.[5] Fahd was staunch ally of the United States, and once said “After Allah, we can count on the United States.”[6]

Grand Mosque Seizure, Iran, and Islamic education

The 1979 Revolution in Iran radically transformed the political landscape in the Middle East, as the hereditary monarchy of the Shah of Iran was deposed in favor of a Shi’a theocracy. In the same year, anti-monarchist dissidents in Saudi Arabia seized the Grand Mosque in Mecca, and accused the Saudi royal family of being insufficiently Islamic and so unfit to rule the Kingdom. Fearing that the 1979 Revolution in Iran could lead to similar Islamic upheaval in Saudi Arabia, Fahd spent considerable sums after ascending the throne in 1982 to support Saddam Hussein’s Iraq in its war with Iran.[7] He also changed his royal title to “custodian of the two holy mosques”, and took steps to support the conservative Saudi religious establishment, including spending millions of dollars on religious education, further distancing himself from his inconvenient past.[8]

Recreational activities

At the same time as King Fahd presided over a more strict Islamic policy at home he was known to enjoy luxurious living abroad, even in ways that would not be allowed in his own kingdom. He visited the ports of the French Riviera, in his 147-metre (482 ft) yacht, the $100 million Abdul Aziz. The ship featured two swimming pools, a ballroom, a gym, a theater, a portable garden, a hospital with an intensive-care unit and two operating rooms, and four American Stinger missiles.[9] The king also had a personal $150 million Boeing 747 jet, equipped with his own fountain. In his visits to London he reportedly lost millions of dollars in the casinos and even was known to circumvent the curfew imposed by British gaming laws by hiring his own blackjack and roulette dealers to continue gambling through the night in his hotel suite.[10]

Persian Gulf War, 1991

In 1991, Iraqi forces under Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, placing the Iraqi army (then the largest in the Middle East) on the Saudi-Kuwaiti border. King Fahd agreed to host American-led coalition troops in his Kingdom, and later allowed American troops to be based there. This decision brought him considerable criticism and opposition from many Saudi citizens, who objected to the presence of foreign troops on Saudi soil; this is a casus belli against the Saudi royal family prominently cited by Osama bin Laden and Al-Qaeda.

Reform and industrialization

In regards to reform, King Fahd showed little tolerance for reformists. In 1992, a group of reformists and prominent Saudi intellectuals petitioned King Fahd for wide ranging reforms, including widening political representation, and curbing the royal family’s wasteful spending. King Fahd first responded by ignoring their requests and when they persisted, reformists were harshly persecuted, imprisoned and fired from their jobs.
During King Fahd’s rule, the royal family’s lavish spending of the country’s wealth reached its height. In addition, the biggest and most controversial military contracts of the century, the Al-Yamamah arms deal was signed under his watch.[11] The contract has cost the Saudi treasury more than $90 billion. These funds were originally allocated to building hospitals, schools, universities and roads. As a result, Saudi Arabia has endured a stagnation in infrastructure development from 1986 till 1999 when the new King, Abdullah, fully came into power.
Like all the countries overlooking the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia under King Fahd has focused its industrial development on hydrocarbon installations. Up to this day, the country is reliant on imports for nearly all its light and heavy machinery.
King Fahd established a Supreme Council of Islamic Affairs directed by senior family members and technocrats in 1994. The council was planned to function as an ombudsman of Islamic activity concerning educational, economic and foreign policy matters. The chairman of the council was Prince Sultan. Prince Nayef, Prince Saud and a technocrat Mohammed Ali Aba al Khayl were appointed to the newly established council. One of the covert purposes of the council was thought to reduce the authority of the Ulemas Council that increased its power.[12]

Rule after the 1995 stroke

King Fahd was a heavy smoker, overweight for much of his adult life, and in his sixties began to suffer from arthritis and severe diabetes.[13] He suffered a debilitating stroke in 1995 and became noticeably frail, and decided to delegate the running of the Kingdom to Crown Prince Abdullah. On 21 February 1996, he reassumed official duties.
After his stroke King Fahd was partly inactive, though he still attended meetings and received selected visitors. In November 2003, according to government media, King Fahd was quoted as saying to “strike with an iron fist” at terrorists after deadly bombings, although he could hardly utter a word because of his debilitating stroke and deteriorating health. However, it is Crown Prince Abdullah who took official trips; when King Fahd traveled it was for vacations, and he was sometimes absent from Saudi Arabia for months at a time. When his oldest son and International Olympic Committee member Prince Faisal bin Fahd died in 1999, the King was in Spain and did not return for the funeral.[14]
In a speech to an Islamic conference on 30 August 2003, King Fahd condemned terrorism and exhorted Muslim clerics to emphasize peace, security, cooperation, justice, and tolerance in their sermons.[15]

Awards

King Fahd was awarded with Azerbaijani Istiglal Order for his contributions to development of Azerbaijan-Saudi Arabia relations and strategic cooperation between the states by President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev on 7 March 2005.[16]

Wealth

Fahds’s wealth was estimated to be $25 billion.[17] Fortune Magazine reported that his wealth in 1988 was $18 billion, making him the second richest person in the world.[18]

Personal life

King Fahd was married at least four times. He had six sons and three daughters. His sons are:
  • Faisal bin Fahd (1945–1999) Died of a heart attack. Director-general of Youth Welfare (1971–1999), Director-general at Ministry of Planning and Minister of State (1977–1999)
  • Muhammad bin Fahd (born 1950), Governor of the Eastern province
  • Saud bin Fahd (born 1951), former deputy president of the General Intelligence Directorate[19]
  • Sultan bin Fahd (born 1951), Army Officer. Elevated to ministerial rank in November 1997. Former head of Youth Welfare
  • Khalid bin Fahd (born February 1958)[19]
  • Abdulaziz bin Fahd, (born 1973), Fahd’s favorite and youngest son and minister of state without portfolio. He is the son of Princess Jawhara al-Ibrahim, Fahd’s fourth and, reportedly, favorite wife.[20]
The spouses of King Fahd are as follows:
  • Janan Harb Al Saud (Widowed)[21]
  • HH Princess Al Anood bint Abdulaziz Bin Mousad al Saud (Deceased), mother of Prince Faisal bin Fahd
  • HH Princess Al Joharah bint Ibrahim al Ibrahim, mother of Prince Abdulaziz bin Fahd
  • HH Princess Joza’a bint Abdullah bin Abdulrahman al Saud
  • HH Princess Al Joharah bint Abdullah al Sudairi (Deceased)
  • HH Princess Modhi bint Turki bin Abdullah al Saud (Divorced)
  • HH Princess Joza’a bint Sultan al Adgham al Subaie (Divorced)
  • HH Princess Turfa bint Abdulaziz bin Mo’amar (Divorced)
  • HH Princess Watfa bint Obaid bin Ali al Jabr al Rasheed (Divorced)
  • HH Princess Lolwa al Abdulrahman al Muhana Aba al Khail (Divorced)
  • HH Princess Shaikha bint Turki bin Mariq al Thit (Divorced)
  • HH Princess Seeta bint Ghunaim bin Sunaitan Abu Thnain (Divorced)

Death

King Fahd was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh on 27 May 2005 for unspecified medical tests. An official (who insisted on anonymity) told the Associated Press unofficially that the king had died at 7:30 EDT on 1 August 2005. A member of the cabinet publicly announced his death on Saudi TV the same morning, and said that he died of pneumonia and a high fever.

Funeral

He was buried in the last thawab (traditional Arab robe) he wore. Fahd’s body was carried to Imam Turki bin Abdullah Mosque, and funeral prayers were held at around 3:30 local time (12:30 GMT). The prayers for the late monarch were led by the Kingdom’s grand mufti, Sheikh Abdul Aziz Al Sheikh.
The “funeral prayer”, during which worshipers remain standing, was performed after afternoon prayers. The ceremony was replicated in other mosques across the Kingdom, where the “prayers for the absentee” were held.
The body was carried by King Fahd’s son, Abdul Aziz bin Fahd, to the mosque and to the Al-Oud cemetery some two kilometers away, a public cemetery where Fahd’s four predecessors and other members of the Al Saud ruling family are buried.[22]
Arab and Muslim dignitaries who attended the funeral were not present at the burial. Only ruling family members and Saudi citizens were on hand as the body was lowered into the grave.
Muslim leaders offered condolences at the mosque, while other foreign dignitaries and leaders who came after the funeral paid their respects at the royal court.
According to the regulations and social traditions, Saudi Arabia did not declare a national mourning period. Also, all government offices and public buildings were open as usual and the state flag was not lowered (since the flag of Saudi Arabia bears the Shahada, the Islamic declaration of faith, the flag’s protocol requires the flag not to be lowered)
After his death, many countries declared mourning periods. Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Syria, Yemen, the Arab League in Cairo, and the Palestinian Authority all declared three-day mourning periods. Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates declared a seven-day mourning period and ordered all flags flown at half-staff. In Jordan, a national three-day mourning period was declared and a 40-day mourning period was decreed at the Royal Court.

References

  1. ^ a b “Saudi Arabia Winter 2002 Magazine: King Fahd – his first 20 years:”. Saudi Arabia (Washington, DC, US: Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia) 18 (4). Winter 2002. http://www.saudiembassy.net/files/PDF/Publications/Magazine/2002-Winter/King%20Fahd.htm. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b “King Fahd 1923-2005:”. Washington, DC, US: Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia. 1 August 2005. http://www.saudiembassy.net/archive/2005/news/page365.aspx. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  3. ^ Mouline, Nabil (April*June 2012). “Power and generational transition in Saudi Arabia”. Critique Internationale 46: 1–22. http://www.ceri-sciencespo.com/publica/critique/46/ci46_nm.pdf. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  4. ^ “Robert Busby: The Scandal that Almost Destroyed Ronald Reagan”. History News Network. http://hnn.us/node/136285. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
  5. ^ “Palestine-Israel Issue – King Fahd Bin Abdulaziz”. http://www.kingfahdbinabdulaziz.com/main/l500.htm. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
  6. ^ “Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency”. Cia.gov. 2012-10-19. http://www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
  7. ^ Obituary: King Fahd, BBC News, 1 August 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2008.
  8. ^ Wood, Paul. Life and legacy of King Fahd, BBC News, 1 August 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2008.
  9. ^ Simons, Geoff, Saudi Arabia, St. Martins, (1998), p.28
  10. ^ Marie Colvin, `The Squandering Sheikhs, Sunday Times, 29 August 1993
  11. ^ Taylor, Michael J.H. (2001). Flight International World Aircraft and Systems Directory (3rd Edition ed.). United Kingdom: Reed Business Information. pp. 189–190. ISBN 0-617-01289-X.
  12. ^ Ibrahim, Youssef M. (6 October 1994). “Saudi King Trying to Dilute Islamic Radicalism”. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/10/06/world/saudi-king-trying-to-dilute-islamic-radicalism.html?src=pm. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  13. ^ “King Fahd”. The Daily Telegraph (London). 2 August 2005. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/1495300/King-Fahd.html.
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